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Threatened Habitats | Salt Marsh Monitoring | Phragmites Control

Recommended Readings: Plant and Animal Id

Bertness, Mark D. 1999. The Ecology of Atlantic Shorelines. Sinauer Associates, Inc. Sunderland, MA.

National Geographic. 1999. Field Guide to the Birds of North America - 3rd Edition. National Geographic Society, Washington D.C.

Pollock, Leland W. 1998. A Practical Guide to the Marine Animals of Northeastern North America. Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, N.J.


Tiner, Ralph W. Jr. 1987.  A Field Guide to Coastal Wetland Plants of the Northeastern United States. University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst, MA.


Tiner, Ralph W. Jr. 1993.  Field Guide to Coastal Wetland Plants of the Southeastern United States. University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst, MA.


Walton, Richard K. and Robert Lawson. 1989. Peterson Field Guides - Eastern/Central Birding by Ear. (audio-CD). Houghton Mifflin Company, NY.


Weiss, Howard M., PhD. 1995. Marine Animals of Southern New England and New York - Identification keys to common nearshore and shallow water macro fauna. State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, CT.

Recommended Websites

Massachusetts Division of Ecological Restoration
DER in the Department of Fish and Game works with many federal, state, and local partners to help people voluntarily restore the state's degraded and former coastal wetlands.


Maine's Salt Marshes: Their Functions, Values, and Restoration
an excellent 20-page resource guide. Michele Dionne, Ph.D., Wells National Estuarine Research Reserve.

Salt Marshes of the Gulf of Maine: Long-term monitoring to assess human impacts and ecological conditions
Gulf of Maine Council on the Marine Environment's four-page flyer on marshes and information on habitat monitoring protocols.


Mass Audubon Salt Marsh Science Project
Since 1996, students in grades 5 - 12 on the North Shore have been working with Massachusetts Audubon Society scientists to learn exciting and important information about salt marshes and Phragmites australis (common reed), an invasive plant that grows in salt marshes.