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Research and Resources

Salem Sound Coastwatch

Acidic Waters: This story map explains SSCW's citizen monitoring program that is building a baseline of pH levels from North Shore coastal flats, in an effort to bring this serious issue to the forefront throughfield data collection and public lectures.


The Power of Salt Marshes: Barbara Warren shares the importance of salt marshes on Chronicle's show on Salt (WCVB Channel 5). (video 2.43 minutes)


Drain SmART: A story map of the storm drain murals artists painted across Salem to spread the word on stormwater pollution.


Collins Cove Living Shoreline Project: An interactive story map of the project SSCW is working on with the City of Salem. Includes historical maps of the area and information on living shorelines and this project.


Salem Street Tree Assessment-Pilot Project: SSCW created an interactive story map for Salem's street trees along entrance corridors: species, condition and maintenance needs. More on trees.


Multi-faceted monitoring of estuarine turbidity and particulate matter provenance: Case study from Salem Harbor.
Science of the Total Environment (2017), pp. 629-641. Bradford Hubeny, Melanie Kenney, Barbara Warren, Jeremy Louisos.
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.09.081. USA Article reference: STOTEN20907
Final version published online: 14-OCT-2016


Multi-Century Record of Anthropogenic Impacts on an Urbanized Mesotidal Estuary: Salem Sound, MA.
Estuaries and Coasts, Journal of the Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation (March 2018) Volume 41, Issue 2, pp 404–420. J. Bradford Hubeny, Ellen Kristiansen, Andrew Danikas, Jun Zhu, Francine M. G. McCarthy, Mark G. Cantwell, Barbara Warren, Douglas Allen. DOI: 10.1007/s12237-017-0298-y. Published online: 7 August 2017.


25th Anniversary Symposium - 2016
"Finding Solutions to Our Coastal Challenges" - presentations on local coastal resilience case studies, dredging, moorings in eelgrass, salt marshes & sea level rise and SSCW's monitoring and School to Sea programs.


Marine Invaders Resource Center created by SSCW to provide online help for our volunteers and others to learn about marine invasive species identification and monitoring.


State of Salem Sound Symposium - 2011 - fourteen presentations by SSCW staff, Salem State University professors and MA Division of Marine Fisheries aquatic biologists covered the region's past, present and future issues and was attended by over.


Rising Sea - SSCW partnered with Maritime Gloucester and Friends of Good Harbor on the Bruce J. Anderson funded project: RISING SEA. Seasonal monitoring began in August 2014 with the assistance of trained student interns and local citizens to collect long-term data to identify impacts of sea level rise on marsh functions.


Old Creek Salt Marsh Report - SSCW completed the Old Creek Salt Marsh Assessment and Management Plan for Salem State University as part of their Phase III: Restoration Assessment and Strategy. Seasonal monitoring took place from August 2009 through June 2011 with the assistance of trained SSU student interns and local citizens.


Clark Pond, Manchester Wetlands Assessment - SSCW conducted 2010 pre-restoration vegetation, nekton and salinity monitoring and again in 2011 after the tidal restrictions were removed. The project was funded by the MA Division of Ecological Restoration.


Upper Mill River Clam Study - 2008 - 2010. SSCW conducted a benthic survey to monitor changes in the Mill River inter-tidal zone (formerly an impoundment) after the tidegate in Gloucester was opened.


Lobster Trap Fouling Study - 2010. Through a partnership with
local commercial lobstermen and funding from MA CZM, SSCW was able to expand coastal monitoring of marine invasive species to the deeper waters of Salem Sound. Fouling organisms on traps were identified and cataloged, with some interesting results.


Pickman Park, Salem Phragmites Study- 2007 - 2011. Salem State University Biology professor, Dr. Alan Young and his students worked with SSCW to test three methods of Phragmites australis removal.


Tufts University Department of Urban and Environmental Policy
and Planning
has completed the following four projects for
Salem Sound Coastwatch:

  1. Planning for Effective Pond Management in the Salem Sound Watershed 2010 (PDF 5.2 MB)
  2. Climate Change: Ready or Not Report - May 2008 (3.8 MB PDF)
  3. Creating a New Place: A Concept Plan for 15 Peabody Street 2007
    (PDF 32 MB)

  4. Nurturing the Recovery of the North River: A Practical Vision 2004 download the report (PDF 22 MB) and Appendices & References (PDF 7 MB).

Other Resources

"Using Green Infrastructure to Treat and Control Stormwater in Coastal Communities" guidance document developed by MassBays in partnership with EPA, December 2014. EPA 842-R-14-004


Final Pathogen TMDL for the North Coastal Watershed March 2012 (Control Number CN: 155.0)


Salem Sound Mass Bays Program in this 2009 fact sheet. (PDF 1.7 MB)


Seasonal catch, size, color, and assessment of trapping variables for the European green crab in Salem Sound

Young, A.M., Elliott, J.A., Incatasciato, J.M. & Taylor, M.L. 2017. Seasonal catch, size, color, and assessment of trapping variables for the European green crab Carcinus maenas (Linnaeus, 1758) (Brachyura: Portunoidea: Carcinidae), a nonindigenous species in Massachusetts, USA. Journal of Crustacean Biology 1-15 doi:10.1093/jcbiol/rux068


The Marine Resources of Salem Sound, 1997 Technical Report TR-6, MA DMF, DFWELE, EOEA by Bradford C. Chase, Jeffrey H. Plouff, and Wayne M. Castonguay (PDF 5.6 MB). A wealth of Salem Sound information!


Fate and Transport Modeling of Contaminants in Salem Sound
2001 ASA Report 00-031. Report to the Marine Monitoring and Research Technical Series, MMRTS-01-01. (PDF 14 MB)

Hydrodynamic simulations of Salem Sound to predict the fate and transport of wastewater effluent and contaminants from the South Essex Sewage District (SESD) in Salem Sound (1985).


Rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) spawning habitat on the Gulf of Maine coast of Massachusetts 2006 by Bradford C. Chase. Technical Report TR-30, MA DMF, DFWELE, EOEA


2010 Massachusetts Bays Program State of the Bays Report
tracks the condition of seventeen indicators of the health of Massachusetts and Cape Cod Bays under the categories of Water Quality, Living Resources, and Human Uses and Planning, and reports on such topics as changes in the water chemistry of Boston Harbor due to improved wastewater management, causes of Harmful Algal Blooms, trends in eelgrass beds throughout Massachusetts Bay, and acreage of land protected since our last State of the Bays Report.  The first State of the Bays publication, released in 2004, is also available at the above web site.


Inventory of Public Seawalls and Other Structures

Prepared for the MA Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) and the Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR) from 2006 to 2009, the Massachusetts Coastal Infrastructure Inventory and Assessment Project reports include condition ratings and estimated repair or reconstruction costs for publically owned seawalls, revetments, groins, jetties, and other structures.