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Invasives Watch | MIS Resource Center

Links to MIS Background Information

Sea Squirts as Potential Vectors of Harmful Algal Introductions

A Connecticut Sea Grant study suggests that biofouling ascidians have the potential to spread harmful algal species (HAB) because they filter at a much higher rate and are more efficient than bivalve mulluscs.


Marine Invasives Species State of Gulf of Maine Report

Mass Coastal Zone Management's Aquatic Invasive Species Program has released this review paper (PDF, 14.4 MB), which describes the impacts, vectors, emerging threats, and management responses to these species in the Gulf of Maine. Authored by CZM's Adrienne Pappal, the paper presents the first synthesis of marine invasive species information specific to the Gulf of Maine ecosystem—a useful resource for managers, researchers, and those with an invasive species interest.


Aquatic Invasions Special Issue:
Proceedings of the 2nd International Invasive Sea Squirt Conference,
October 2-4, 2007, Prince Edward Island, Canada Published 16 January 2009
Papers from the International Invasive Sea Squirt Conference-II


Introduced Species in U.S. Coastal Waters. PEW_Carlton2001.pdf
Prepared for the PEW Commission by James Carlton 2001. Excellent document covering marine bioinvasions, their significance, dispersal methods, prevention and control management, and recommendations for action.


Economic Roots of Aquatic Invasions.
by Jenny A. Ericson. May 2005. F3005p30-33Ericson.pdf
Introduced species have a negative impact on economies, but at the same time the rapid expansion of global economies have increased the spread.


Resources to build MIS awareness for students and the general public
1. Aquatic Introduced Species in Massachusetts -
developed by Jason Baker, Office of Coastal Zone Management. Mass_AIS_Plan_JBaker.pdf (2.48MB) may be used as an introduction to marine introduced species education as long as credit acknowlegement is made.
2. Invasive Tracers CIS MISMO -
developed by Dave Delaney and Dr. Anthony Ricciardi, McGill University. CISMISMO.ppt may be shown or copied as long as credit acknowledgement is made.
3. Maine’s Marine Invasion -
developed by Tracy Hart, Univ. of Maine, Maine Extension Team. for viewing only. MInvasion_MEseagrant05.pdf CANNOT be changed or copied without permission.

4. Aquatic Invasive Species: The Need for Comprehesive Federal Action
July 28, 2005 HC-8, Dr. James T. Carlton, Williams College and Williams-Mystic, The Maritime Studies Program. Carlton_NAISA_ppt.pdf


Particular to Massachusetts

Massachusetts Aquatic Invasive Species Management Plan

United States FEDERAL Response

U.S. Coast Guard Ballast Water Management


Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act

Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force

A list of Federal agencies that have an interest in prevention, control and eradication of invasive species

Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act was passed on November 29, 1990, and subsequently amended by the National Invasive Species Act of 1996.

The purposes of the Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act are:
1) to prevent unintentional introduction and dispersal of nonindigenous species into waters of the United States through ballast water management and other requirements;
2) to coordinate federally conducted, funded or authorized research, prevention control, information dissemination and other activities regarding the zebra mussel and other aquatic nuisance species;
3) to develop and carry out environmentally sound control methods to prevent, monitor and control unintentional introductions of nonindigenous species from pathways other than ballast water exchange;
4) to understand and minimize economic and ecological impacts of nonindigenous aquatic nuisance species that become established, including the zebra mussel; and
5) to establish a program of research and technology development and assistance to States in the management and removal of zebra mussels.


Methods/Data Sharing

Additional Web Site Links

MIS Species ID Resources


Scientific Books and Papers