Salt Marshes and Mudflats
Some of the most easily neglected habitats along the coastline are the salt marshes and mudflats that are scattered all around Salem Sound. After many years of over-development and abuse, we now have come to realize that these habitats are critical to the overall health of the sound as a whole. Salt marshes, particularly, play a vital role, acting as a filter for pollution in the waters and as nursery for important marine animals.
Mudflats also play a big role as buffers, particularly in reducing coastal erosion, and as nurseries and feeding grounds for hundreds of different marine animals and shorebirds. They are important habitats for many burrowing and foraging animals, and for highly productive bacteria. Migrating bird species rely heavily on both these habitats for food.